What Is Animation?
Well, do we really have to explain that here? You wouldn't be here if you didn't have a glue, right?
We like what we found at Wikipedia: "Animation is the rapid display of a sequence of images of 2-D or 3-D artwork or model positions in order to create an illusion of movement." Animation, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Animation&oldid=358878912 (last visited May 1, 2010).
That sounds very much like every video or movie is an animation, a series of images being displayed. But the important part is "[...] artwork or model positions [...]".
So the question is now: How do we get the artwork or the model positions? That leads us to the ...
Types Of Animation
Some say there are 4 types of animation:
- traditional animation ("by hand" development of each of the images)
- stop motion (or step-by-step) (using a camera to take the images that finally build the animation. e.g. clay animation)
- computer animation
- other animation techniques (like: drawn-on-film, paint-on-glass)
We do not think that the term "computer animation" is very helpful as many techniques can now be done, enhanced or mixed with computer tools. But let us stick with the term as long as we do not have a better one.
Computer animation in this case can be defined as the animation that uses a computer to create at least some of the images just based on rules and other data.
Computer animation can be divided into two different ...
Types Of Computer Animation
- 2D Computer Animation and
- 3D Computer Animation
2D Animation is still quite close to the traditional animation techniques. The computer tools mainly just take care of some of the steps that can be generated based on interpolation rules. The images that define important positions of a movement have to be created by the animator. The results are best if the animated images are based on vector graphics as changes to the vectors are well-defined without ambiguity.
3D Animation changes the whole animation process. It is not built upon images that an animator creates, but mainly 3D models of all relevant resources (such as actors and scene). 3D Animation is much more comparable to real film production, one has to take care of camera position, camera movement, light planning, movements in 3D space (collitions etc.). Not that 2D Animation would not take these thought into consideration, but in 2D it's always about the image, not about the technology.
Despite the fact that 3D Animation is available and even for a reasonable price now there are many successful movies and tv series that stil work with 2D animation or even traditional animation (with some computer help). Good examples: "The Simpsons" and "The Simpsons Movie". Even more so: the "cut-out-animation" style of "Southpark" is part of the art concept.
... and Synfig Studio?
You may have guessed it already... Synfig Studio is conceptually developed for 2D Computer Animation based on vector graphics.
The Animation Creation Process
The full process includes the following steps:
- pre production
- post production
- sales and distribution
We will look closer into pre production, production and post production steps. Develoment takes care of the creation of the story as such and does typically not include creation of any artwork other than textual descriptions. Sales and Distribution are important, but also do not have an animation content as such.
the following tasks are usually seen as being part of pre production