SVG Import

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(Standard way to import SVG)
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=Convert SVG ot SIF via Inkscape SIF exporter extension=
[ Inkscape extension] that converts SVG files to Synfig Studio (.sif) format.
=Standard way to import SVG=
=Standard way to import SVG=

Revision as of 13:24, 16 October 2011

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Convert SVG ot SIF via Inkscape SIF exporter extension

Inkscape extension that converts SVG files to Synfig Studio (.sif) format.

Standard way to import SVG

From latest Synfig versions (at least in 0.62.02) there is an option to import SVG from File -> Import menu. This seems to work better than the options described below, however there may be problems importing some SVG elements correctly. See this topic in forums for some hints.

  • First import may fail, try to import same file for two times.
  • 0.62.02 is reported to work better in Ubuntu than version 0.63.00.

Other options

The following are outdated options or special options for experts.

Option 1

This uses an XSLT 2.0 stylesheet to transform SVG XML to Synfig XML.


Turn an SVG image into a Synfig file for import. First posted in the forums:


  1. Make sure a Java runtime environment is installed.
  2. Get a recent version of the SAXON XSLT processor for Java from Recommended version: Saxon-SA 9.0 (
  3. Extract the SAXON package to a folder of your choice. As an example we're going to use d:\saxon in the following. The folder will contain several JAR files.
  4. Create the file d:\saxon\svg2synfig.xsl with the content provided at the bottom of this document ([[#svg2synfig.xsl|]]).

Optional Prerequites for Windows

If you don't want to use the command line, create a batch file d:\saxon\svg2synfig.bat with this content:

@java -jar %0\..\saxon9.jar -xsl:%0\..\svg2synfig.xsl %1 > %0\..\synfig.sif

Transforming an SVG into a Synfig File

Windows Batch File

  1. Just drop the SVG file onto svg2synfig.bat.

Command line

  1. Change directory to d:\saxon.
  2. Enter the following command (replace your_input.svg by the path of the SVG file):
java -jar saxon9.jar -xsl:svg2synfig.xsl your_input.svg > synfig.sif


If the conversion has been successful, the result will be written to the file d:\saxon\synfig.sif. You can open this file in Synfig.


  • Doesn't seem to work with SaxonB (FOSS version)
  • Compressed SVG (svgz) must be uncompressed first.
  • Only SVG path objects are supported. Try converting all objects to paths.
  • Only a subset of path elements is supported. Try to modify all path nodes to have split tangents, and all path segments to be curves.
  • Sophisticated coloring (e. g. gradients) is not supported.
  • Only basic transformations are supported.
  • Fill and outline on the same object is not supported.


<xsl:stylesheet version="2.0" exclude-result-prefixes="#all"
	<xsl:output method="xml" indent="yes" encoding="UTF-8"/>

	<xsl:template match="/">

	<xsl:template match="svg:svg">
		<xsl:variable name="width" select="math:units_to_px(@width)"/>
		<xsl:variable name="height" select="math:units_to_px(@height)"/>
		<xsl:variable name="has_view_box" select="matches(@viewBox, '(\d+\s){3}\d+')"/>
		<canvas version="0.2" id="{@id}"
				width="{if ($has_view_box) then replace(@viewBox, '(\d+)\s(\d+)\s(\d+)\s(\d+)', '$3') else $width}"
				height="{if ($has_view_box) then replace(@viewBox, '(\d+)\s(\d+)\s(\d+)\s(\d+)', '$4') else $height}"
				view-box="{if ($has_view_box) then @viewBox else concat('0 0 ', $width, ' ', $height)}">
			<xsl:apply-templates select="svg:g|svg:svg|svg:path"/>

	<xsl:template match="svg:g">
		<layer type="PasteCanvas" active="true" version="0.1" desc="{@id}">
			<param name="canvas">

	<xsl:template match="svg:path">
		<xsl:variable name="style">
			<xsl:for-each select="ancestor-or-self::*">
				<xsl:sort select="position()" data-type="number" order="descending"/>
				<xsl:value-of select="concat(@style, ';fill:', @fill, ';stroke:', @stroke, ';stroke-width:', @stroke-width, ';')"/>
		<xsl:variable name="self" select="."/>
		<xsl:variable name="is_fill" select="not(matches(replace($style, 'fill:[^n;][^o].*', ''), 'fill:none'))"/>
		<xsl:analyze-string select="@d" regex="m[^z]+(z|$)" flags="i">
				<layer type="{if ($is_fill) then 'region' else 'outline'}" version="0.1" desc="{$self/@id}">
					<xsl:call-template name="style-to-color">
						<xsl:with-param name="style" select="replace(replace($style, ':none.*', ''), if ($is_fill) then '.*fill:([^;]+).*' else '.*stroke:([^;]+).*', '$1')"/>
					<xsl:if test="not ($is_fill)">
						<xsl:call-template name="style-to-width">
							<xsl:with-param name="style" select="replace($style, '.*stroke-width:([^;]+).*', '$1')"/>
					<param name="bline">
						<bline type="bline_point" loop="{matches(., 'z', 'i')}">
							<xsl:call-template name="path-to-bline">
								<xsl:with-param name="path" select="."/>
								<xsl:with-param name="node" select="$self" tunnel="yes"/>

	<xsl:template name="path-to-bline">
		<xsl:param name="path"/>
		<xsl:variable name="stripped" select="replace(replace(translate($path, ',', ' '), '(\d)-', '$1 -'), '\s*([a-z]+)\s*', '$1', 'i')"/>
		<xsl:variable name="closed" select="if (matches($stripped, 'z', 'i')) then $stripped else replace($stripped, 'm([-\d.]+\s[-\d.]+).*$', '$0l$1z', 'i')"/>
		<xsl:variable name="tmp" select="replace($closed, '([-\d.]+\s[-\d.]+)l([-\d.]+\s[-\d.]+)', '$1c$1 $2 $2', 'i')"/>
		<xsl:variable name="curve" select="replace($tmp, '([-\d.]+\s[-\d.]+)l([-\d.]+\s[-\d.]+)', '$1c$1 $2 $2', 'i')"/>
		<xsl:analyze-string select="$curve" regex="\s([-\d.]+\s[-\d.]+)\s[-\d.]+\s[-\d.]+z" flags="i">
				<xsl:analyze-string select="concat(regex-group(1), $curve)" regex="([-\d.]+)\s([-\d.]+)[m\s]([-\d.]+)\s([-\d.]+)c([-\d.]+)\s([-\d.]+)" flags="i">
						<xsl:call-template name="node-to-bline-point">
							<xsl:with-param name="c1_x" select="regex-group(1)"/>
							<xsl:with-param name="c1_y" select="regex-group(2)"/>
							<xsl:with-param name="x" select="regex-group(3)"/>
							<xsl:with-param name="y" select="regex-group(4)"/>
							<xsl:with-param name="c2_x" select="regex-group(5)"/>
							<xsl:with-param name="c2_y" select="regex-group(6)"/>

	<xsl:template name="node-to-bline-point">
		<xsl:param name="x"/>
		<xsl:param name="y"/>
		<xsl:param name="c1_x"/>
		<xsl:param name="c1_y"/>
		<xsl:param name="c2_x"/>
		<xsl:param name="c2_y"/>
		<xsl:param name="node" tunnel="yes"/>
		<xsl:variable name="transform">
			<xsl:for-each select="$node/ancestor-or-self::*/@transform">
				<xsl:value-of select="."/>
		<xsl:variable name="t" select="math:resolve_transform($transform)"/>
		<xsl:variable name="transformed_x" select="$t[5] + $t[1] * xs:float($x) + $t[3] * xs:float($y)"/>
		<xsl:variable name="transformed_y" select="$t[6] + $t[2] * xs:float($x) + $t[4] * xs:float($y)"/>
		<xsl:variable name="transformed_c1_x" select="$t[5] + $t[1] * xs:float($c1_x) + $t[3] * xs:float($c1_y)"/>
		<xsl:variable name="transformed_c1_y" select="$t[6]+ $t[2] * xs:float($c1_x) + $t[4] * xs:float($c1_y)"/>
		<xsl:variable name="transformed_c2_x" select="$t[5] + $t[1] * xs:float($c2_x) + $t[3] * xs:float($c2_y)"/>
		<xsl:variable name="transformed_c2_y" select="$t[6]+ $t[2] * xs:float($c2_x) + $t[4] * xs:float($c2_y)"/>
			<composite type="bline_point">
						<x><xsl:value-of select="$transformed_x"/></x>
						<y><xsl:value-of select="$transformed_y"/></y>
					<real value="1"/>
					<real value="0.5"/>
					<bool value="true"/>
					<xsl:call-template name="vector-pair-to-radial">
						<xsl:with-param name="origin-x" select="$transformed_c1_x"/>
						<xsl:with-param name="origin-y" select="$transformed_c1_y"/>
						<xsl:with-param name="x" select="$transformed_x"/>
						<xsl:with-param name="y" select="$transformed_y"/>
					<xsl:call-template name="vector-pair-to-radial">
						<xsl:with-param name="origin-x" select="$transformed_x"/>
						<xsl:with-param name="origin-y" select="$transformed_y"/>
						<xsl:with-param name="x" select="$transformed_c2_x"/>
						<xsl:with-param name="y" select="$transformed_c2_y"/>

	<xsl:template name="vector-pair-to-radial">
		<xsl:param name="x"/>
		<xsl:param name="y"/>
		<xsl:param name="origin-x"/>
		<xsl:param name="origin-y"/>
		<xsl:variable name="dx" select="xs:float($x) - xs:float($origin-x)"/>
		<xsl:variable name="dy" select="xs:float($y) - xs:float($origin-y)"/>
		<xsl:variable name="d" select="math:sqrt($dx * $dx + $dy * $dy)"/>
		<xsl:variable name="angle" select="math:atan2($dy, $dx)"/>
		<radial_composite type="vector">
				<real value="{$d * 3}"/>
				<angle value="{$angle * 57.295779513082320876798154814105}"/>

	<xsl:template name="style-to-width">
		<xsl:param name="style"/>
		<xsl:if test="matches($style, '^\d')">
			<param name="width">
				<real value="{math:units_to_px($style)}"/>

	<xsl:template name="style-to-color">
		<xsl:param name="style"/>
		<xsl:if test="matches($style, '#')">
			<xsl:analyze-string select="concat($style, ';')" regex="#([\da-f]{{2}})([\da-f]{{2}})([\da-f]{{2}});">
					<param name="color">
							<r><xsl:value-of select="math:hex_to_color(regex-group(1))"/></r>
							<g><xsl:value-of select="math:hex_to_color(regex-group(2))"/></g>
							<b><xsl:value-of select="math:hex_to_color(regex-group(3))"/></b>
							<a><xsl:value-of select="if (matches($style, 'fill-opacity:')) then math:power(xs:float(replace($style, '.*fill-opacity:([-\d.]+).*', '$1')), 1 div 2.2) else 1"/></a>
		<xsl:if test="matches($style, 'rgb')">
			<xsl:analyze-string select="concat($style, ';')" regex="rgb[(\s]+([-\d.]+)[,\s]+([-\d.]+)[,\s]+([-\d.]+)[\s)]+;">
					<param name="color">
							<r><xsl:value-of select="math:power(xs:float(regex-group(1)) div 255, 2.2)"/></r>
							<g><xsl:value-of select="math:power(xs:float(regex-group(2)) div 255, 2.2)"/></g>
							<b><xsl:value-of select="math:power(xs:float(regex-group(3)) div 255, 2.2)"/></b>
		<xsl:if test="matches($style, 'url')">
			<param name="color">
				<color><r>0.5</r><g>0.5</g><b>0.5</b><a>0.5</a>	</color>

	<xsl:function name="math:resolve_transform">
		<xsl:param name="transform"/>
			<xsl:variable name="stripped" select="replace(replace($transform, 'translate\(', 'X(1,0,0,1,'), 'matrix', 'X')"/>
			<xsl:analyze-string select="concat('X(1,0,0,1,0,0)', $stripped)" regex="(.*)X\((-?[\d.]+),(-?[\d.]+),(-?[\d.]+),(-?[\d.]+),(-?[\d.]+),(-?[\d.]+)\)[^X]*X\((-?[\d.]+),(-?[\d.]+),(-?[\d.]+),(-?[\d.]+),(-?[\d.]+),(-?[\d.]+)\).*">
					<xsl:sequence select="(1,0,0,1,0,0)"/>
					<xsl:variable name="a2" select="xs:float(regex-group(8))"/>
					<xsl:variable name="b2" select="xs:float(regex-group(9))"/>
					<xsl:variable name="c2" select="xs:float(regex-group(10))"/>
					<xsl:variable name="d2" select="xs:float(regex-group(11))"/>
					<xsl:variable name="e2" select="xs:float(regex-group(12))"/>
					<xsl:variable name="f2" select="xs:float(regex-group(13))"/>
					<xsl:variable name="a1" select="xs:float(regex-group(2))"/>
					<xsl:variable name="b1" select="xs:float(regex-group(3))"/>
					<xsl:variable name="c1" select="xs:float(regex-group(4))"/>
					<xsl:variable name="d1" select="xs:float(regex-group(5))"/>
					<xsl:variable name="e1" select="xs:float(regex-group(6))"/>
					<xsl:variable name="f1" select="xs:float(regex-group(7))"/>
					<xsl:variable name="p" select="($a1*$a2+$c1*$b2,$b1*$a2+$d1*$b2,$a1*$c2+$c1*$d2,$b1*$c2+$d1*$d2,$a1*$e2+$c1*$f2+$e1,$b1*$e2+$d1*$f2+$f1)"/>
					<xsl:variable name="remainder" select="replace(regex-group(1), 'X\(1,0,0,1,0,0\)', '')"/>
						<xsl:when test="matches($remainder, 'X')">
							<xsl:variable name="recursion" select="concat($remainder, 'X(', $p[1], ',', $p[2], ',', $p[3], ',', $p[4], ',', $p[5], ',', $p[6], ')')"/>
							<xsl:sequence select="math:resolve_transform($recursion)"/>
							<xsl:sequence select="$p"/>

	<xsl:function name="math:hex_to_color" as="xs:float">
		<xsl:param name="hex"/>
		<xsl:value-of select="math:power(xs:float(string-length(substring-before('0123456789abcdef', substring($hex,1,1))) * 16 + string-length(substring-before('0123456789abcdef', substring($hex,2,1)))) div 255, 2.2)"/>

	<xsl:function name="math:units_to_px" as="xs:float">
		<xsl:param name="size"/>
		<xsl:analyze-string select="$size" regex="^([-\d.]+)([a-z%]*)$">
				<xsl:variable name="factor">
						<xsl:when test="regex-group(2) = 'pt'">1.25</xsl:when>
						<xsl:when test="regex-group(2) = 'em'">16</xsl:when>
						<xsl:when test="regex-group(2) = 'mm'">3.54</xsl:when>
						<xsl:when test="regex-group(2) = 'pc'">15</xsl:when>
						<xsl:when test="regex-group(2) = 'cm'">35.43</xsl:when>
						<xsl:when test="regex-group(2) = 'in'">90</xsl:when>
				<xsl:value-of select="xs:float($factor) * xs:float(regex-group(1))"/>

Option 2

This is a C program by akagogo that uses libxml to convert SVG to Synfig format.


Just make the usual ./configure && make && sudo make install


The SVG files needs to be inside a folder called data. You have to run the command from the parent directory, but just using the name file as the command argument. So if:

  • You are in folder "/example" you have to create a folder called "/example/data" and put the file "file.svg" there.
  • Now you execute svgtosif file.svg when you got "/example" as your current working directory.

As you can see, this is really not to friendly. To quickly fix the problem, use the following bash script:

mkdir data
cp "$1" data/
/usr/local/bin/svgtosif "$1"
NAME=`echo "$1" | cut -d "." -f 1`
cp "data/$NAME.sif" .
rm data/*
rmdir data
echo "Conversion complete!"

Put those lines in a file named "svg2sif" (name it as you want, but avoid using "svgtosif") and put it in a PATH directory (suggest /usr/bin). Then:

chmod +x /usr/bin/svg2sif 

Thats all. Now use:

svg2sif <file.svg>

and you will get a .sif file in the same folder you are working in.

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